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12th | Accounting Ratio | Question No. 161 To 165 | Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

Question 161:

Revenue from Operations, i.e., Net Sales  ` 8,20,000; Return  ` 10,000; Cost of Revenue from Operations (Cost of Goods Sold)  ` 5,20,000; Operating Expenses  ` 2,09,000; Interest on Debentures  ` 40,500; Gain (Profit) on Sale of a Fixed Asset  ` 81,000. Calculate Net Profit Ratio.

Answer:

Net Sales=  ` 8,20,000

Gross Profit = Net Sales - Cost of Goods Sold                 

= 8,20,000 - 5,20,000                 

` 3,00,000

Net Profit = Gross Profit - Operating Expenses - Interest on Debentures + Profit on Sale of Fixed Asset               

= 3,00,000 - 2,09,000 - 40,500 + 81,000               

= ` 1,31,500

Net Profit Ratio=Net Profit/Net Sales×100                            

=1,31,500/8,20,000×100

=16.04%

Question 162:

Revenue from Operations  `4,00,000; Gross Profit Ratio 25%; Operating Ratio 90%. Non-operating Expenses  `2,000; Non-operating Income  `22,000. Calculate Net Profit Ratio.

Answer:

Net Profit=Operating Profit + Non Operating Incomes-Non Operating Expenses               

 =40,000+22,000- 2,000= ` 60,000

 

Operating Profit Ratio=100−Operating Ratio 

=100-90 

=10%

 

Operating Profit=4,00,000×10%

= ` 40,000

 

Net Profit Ratio=Net Profit/Revenue from operations×100                       

=60,000/4,00,000×100

=15%

Return on Capital Employed (Or Return on Investment)

Question 163:

Net Profit before Interest and Tax  `2,50,000; Capital Employed  `10,00,000. Calculate Return on Investment.

Answer:

Net Profit before Interest and Tax = 2,50,000

Capital Employed = 10,00,000

Return on Investment = Net profit  Before Interest and Tax ×100/ Capital Employed

                                    = 2,50,000×100/10,00,000

                                    = 25%

Question 164:

Net Profit before Interest and Tax  `6,00,000; Net Fixed Assets  `20,00,000; Net Working Capital  `10,00,000; Current Assets  `11,00,000. Calculate Return on Investment.

Answer:

Net Profit before Interest and Tax = 6,00,000

Capital Employed = Net Fixed Assets + Net Working Capital

= 20,00,000 + 10,00,000 = 30,00,000

Return on Investment = Net profit  Before Interest and Tax ×100/ Capital Employed

                                    = 6,00,000×100/30,00,000

                                    = 20%

Question 165:

Net Profit before Interest and Tax  `4,00,000; 15% Long-term Debt  `8,00,000; Shareholders' Funds  `4,00,000. Calculate Return on Investment.

Answer:

Net Profit before Interest and Tax = 4,00,000

Capital Employed = 15% long-term Debt + Shareholders’ Funds

= 8,00,000 + 4,00,000 = 12,00,000

Return on Investment = Net profit  Before Interest and Tax ×100/ Capital Employed

                                    = 4,00,000×100/12,00,000

                                    = 33.33%

 

Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

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Class 12 / Volume – I

Chapter 3 – Accounting Ratio

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