commercemine

12th | Accounting Ratio | Question No. 106 To 110 | Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

Question 106:

Calculate Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio in each of the following alternative cases:
Case 1: Net Credit Sales  `4,00,000; Average Trade Receivables  `1,00,000.
Case 2: Revenue from Operations (Net Sales)  `30,00,000; Cash Revenue from Operations, i.e., Cash Sales  `6,00,000; Opening Trade Receivables  `2,00,000; Closing Trade Receivables  `6,00,000.
Case 3: Cost of Revenue from Operations or Cost of Goods Sold  `3,00,000; Gross Profit on Cost 25%; Cash Sales 20% of Total Sales; Opening Trade Receivables  `50,000; Closing Trade Receivables  `1,00,000.
Case 4: Cost of Revenue from Operations or Cost of Goods Sold  `4,50,000; Gross Profit on Sales 20%; Cash Sales 25% of Net Credit Sales, Opening Trade Receivables  `90,000; Closing Trade Receivables  `60,000.

Answer:

Case 1

Trade receivable turnover ratio = Net sales/ Debtors+Bills receivable

Trade receivable turnover ratio = 4,00,000/1,00,000 = 4 Times

Case 2

Net Credit Sales = Total Sales −Cash Sales = 30,00,000 - 6,00,000 = 24,00,000
Average Trade receivables= Opening Trade  Receivables + Closing Trade Receivables/2

Average Trade receivables=2,00,000+600,000/2 = 4,00,000

Trade receivable turnover ratio = Net sales/ Average Trade receivables

Trade receivable turnover ratio = 24,00,000/4,00,000 = 6 Times

Case 3

Cost of Goods Sold = 3,00,000

Gross Profit = 25% on Cost

Gross Profit = 25/100×3,00,000=75,000

Total Sales = Cost of Goods Sold + Gross Profit

= 3,00,000 + 75,000 = 3,75,000

Cash Sales = 20% of Total Sales

Cash sales =3,75,000×20/100=75,000

Credit Sales = Total Sales − Cash Sales

= 3,75,000 − 75,000 = 3,00,000

Average trade receivable= Opening Trade receivables+Closing Trade receivables/2

Average trade receivable= 50,000+1,00,000/2=75,000

Trade receivable turnover ratio= Net sales/ Average receivables

Trade receivable turnover ratio= 3,00,000/75,000= 4 Times

Case 4

Let Sales be = x

Gross profit=x×20/100=20x/100

Sales = Cost of goods sold+Gross profit

Or. X =4,50,000+20x/100

Or, x-20/100=4,50,000

Or, x=4,50,000×100/80=5,62,500

Sales = x = 5,62,500

Let Credit Sales be = a

Cash Sales = a×25/100=25a/100

Sales =Cash Sales +Credit Sales

Or, 5,62,500=25a/100+a

Or, 5,62,500=125a/100

Or, a=5,62,500×100/125=4,50,000

Credit Sales= a = 4,50,000
Average Trade receivables= Opening Trade Receivables +Closing Trade Receivables/2

Average Trade receivables= 90,000+60,000/2=75,000

Trade receivable turnover ratio= Net sales/ Average receivables

Trade receivable turnover ratio= 4,75,000/75,000= 6 Times

Question 107:

From the information given below, calculate Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio:
Credit Revenue from Operations, i.e., Credit Sales  `8,00,000; Opening Trade Receivables  `1,20,000; and Closing Trade Receivables  `2,00,000.
State giving reason, which of the following would increase, decrease or not change Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio:
(i) Collection from Trade Receivables  `40,000.
(ii) Credit Revenue from Operations, i.e., Credit Sales  `80,000.
(iii) Sales Return  `20,000.
(iv) Credit Purchase  `1,60,000.

Answer:

Average Trade receivables= Opening Trade Receivables +Closing Trade Receivables/2

Average Trade receivables= 1,20,000+2,00,000/2=1,60,000

Trade receivable turnover ratio= Net sales/ Average receivables

Trade receivable turnover ratio= 8,00,000/1,60,000= 5 Times

 

(i) Collection from Trade Receivables ` 40,000- Increase

Reason: Collection from Trade Receivables will result in decrease in the amount of closing Trade Receivables which will reduce the amount of average Trade Receivables.

Closing Trade Receivables = 2,00,000 − 40,000 =  ` 1,60,000

Average Trade receivables= Opening Trade Receivables +Closing Trade Receivables/2

Average Trade receivables= 1,20,000+1,60,000/2=1,40,000

Trade receivable turnover ratio= Net sales/ Average receivables

Trade receivable turnover ratio= 8,00,000/1,40,000= 5.71 Times (Increased from 5 to 5.71 times)

(ii) Credit Revenue from Operations, i.e. Sales  ` 80,000- Decrease

Reason: This transaction will result in increase in both credit sales as well as closing Trade Receivables. Increase in closing Trade Receivables, in turn, will lead to an increase in the average Trade Receivables.

Credit Sales = 8,00,000 + 80,000 =  ` 8,80,000

Closing Trade Receivables = 2,00,000 + 80,000 =  ` 2,80,000

Average Trade receivables= Opening Trade Receivables +Closing Trade Receivables/2

Average Trade receivables= 1,20,000+2,80,000/2=2,00,000

Trade receivable turnover ratio= Net sales/ Average receivables

Trade receivable turnover ratio= 8,80,000/2,00,000= 4.4 Times

 

(iii) Sales Return  ` 20,000- Increase

Reason: This transaction will result in decrease in both sales and average Trade Receivables.

Credit Sales = 8,00,000 − 20,000=  ` 7,80,000

Closing Trade Receivables = 2,00,000 − 20,000 =  ` 1,80,000

Average Trade receivables= Opening Trade Receivables +Closing Trade Receivables/2

Average Trade receivables= 1,20,000+1,80,000/2=1,50,000

Trade receivable turnover ratio= Net sales/ Average receivables

Trade receivable turnover ratio= 1,80,000/1,50,000= 5.2 Times

(iv) Credit Purchase  ` 1,60,000- No Change

Reason: Credit Purchase does not affect the Debtors Turnover Ratio

 

Calculation of Opening and closing Trade Receivables

Question 108:

 ` 1,75,000 is the Credit Revenue from Operations, i.e., Net Credit Sales of an enterprise. If Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio is 8 times, calculate Trade Receivables in the Beginning and at the end of the year. Trade Receivables at the end is  ` 7,000 more than that in the beginning.

Answer:

Trade receivable turnover ratio= Net sales/ Average receivables

8=1, 75,000/ Average receivables

Average receivables= 27,875

Let Opening Trade Receivables = x

Closing Trade Receivables = x + 7,000

Average receivables= Opening Receivables +Closing Receivables/2

21,875=x+x+7000/2

Or, 43,750=2x+7,000

Or, 2x=36,750

Or, x=18,375

Opening Trade Receivables = x = 18,375

Closing Trade Receivables = x +7,000 = 25,375

Question 109:

From the following information, calculate Opening and Closing Trade Receivables, if Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio is 3 Times:
(i) Cash Revenue from Operations is 1/3rd of Credit Revenue from Operations.
(ii) Cost of Revenue from Operations is  `3,00,000.
(iii) Gross Profit is 25% of the Revenue from Operations.
(iv) Trade Receivables at the end are 3 Times more than that of in the beginning. 

Answer:

Trade Receivable Turnover Ratio 

=Credit Revenue from Operations/Average Trade Receivables

=3,00,000 /Average Trade Receivables

Average Trade Receivables 

= 3,00,000/3= ` 1,00,000

Average Trade Receivables

=Opening Trade Receivables + Closing  Trade Receivables/2

1,00,000 

=x+4x/2

So, x would be `40,000

Opening receivables would be  ` 40,000 and, Closing Receivables would be  `1,60,000(40,000×4)

Revenue from Operations

=3,00,000+25/75×3,00,000= ` 4,00,000

Credit Revenue from Operations

=Total Revenue from Operations − Cash Revenue from Operations

  x

=4,00,000-1/3x

Credit Revenue from Operations

= ` 3,00,000

Question 110:


Cash Revenue from Operations (Cash Sales)  ` 2,00,000, Cost of Revenue from Operations or Cost of Goods Sold  ` 3,50,000; Gross Profit  ` 1,50,000; Trade Receivables Turnover Ratio 3 Times. Calculate Opening and Closing Trade Receivables in each of the following alternative cases;

Case 1 : If Closing Trade Receivables were  ` 1,00,000 in excess of Opening Trade Receivables.
Case 2 : If trade Receivables at the end were 3 times than in the beginning.
Case 3 ; If Trade Receivables at the end were 3 times more than that of in the beginning.

Answer:

Total Sales = Cost of Goods Sold + Gross Profit

= 3,50,000 + 1,50,000 = 5,00,000

Credit Sales = Total Sales − Cash Sales

= 5,00,000 − 2,00,000 = 3,00,000

trade receivable turnover ratio

=  Net Credit sales / Average trade receivable

3

=  3,00,000/ Average trade receivable

Average trade receivable

=  1,00,000

Case 1:

Let Opening Trade Receivables = x

Closing Trade Receivables = x + 1,00,000

Average trade receivable

= Opening trade receivable +Closing trade receivable/2

1,00,000

= x+x+1,00,000/2

Or,            2,00,000

= 2x+1,00,000

Or,                      2x

= 1,00,000

Or,                        x

= 50,000

Opening Trade Receivables = x = ` 50,000

Closing Trade Receivables = x + 1,00,000 = 50,000 + 1,00,000 =  ` 1,50,000

Case 2:

Let Opening Trade Receivables = x

Closing Trade Receivables = 3 x

Average trade receivable

= Opening trade receivable +Closing trade receivable/2

1,00,000

= x+x3/2

Or,            2,00,000

= 4x

Or,                        x

= 50,000

Opening Trade Receivables = x =  ` 50,000

Closing Trade Receivables = 3x = 3 × 50,000 =  ` 1,50,000

Case 3:

Let Opening Trade Receivables = x

Closing Trade Receivables = x + 3 x = 4x

Average trade receivable

= Opening trade receivable +Closing trade receivable/2

1,00,000

= x+4x/2

Or,            2,00,000

= 5x

Or,                        x

= 40,000

Opening Trade Receivables = x =  ` 40,000

Closing Trade Receivables = 4 x = 4 × 40,000 =  ` 1,60,000

Calculation Trade Payables Turnover Ratio

 

Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

Click below for more Questions

Class 12 / Volume – I

Chapter 3 – Accounting Ratio

Question No. 1 To 5

Question No. 6 To 10

Question No. 11 To 15

Question No. 16 To 20

Question No. 21 To 25

Question No. 26 To 30

Question No. 31 To 35

Question No. 36 To 40

Question No. 41 To 45

Question No. 46 To 50

Question No. 51 To 55

Question No. 56 To 60

Question No. 61 To 65

Question No. 66 To 70

Question No. 71 To 75

Question No. 76 To 80

Question No. 81 To 85

Question No. 86 To 90

Question No. 91 To 95

Question No. 96 To 100

Question No. 101 To 105

Question No. 106 To 110

Question No. 111 To 115

Question No. 116 To 120

Question No. 121 To 125

Question No. 126 To 130

Question No. 131 To 135

Question No. 136 To 140

Question No. 141 To 145

Question No. 146 To 150

Question No. 151 To 155

Question No. 156 To 160

Question No. 161 To 165

Question No. 166 To 170

Question No. 171 To 175

Question No. 176 To 180

Question No. 181 And 182