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12th | Accounting Ratios | Question No. 61 To 65 | Ts Grewal Solution 2022-2023

Question 61:


From the following information, calculate Interest Coverage Ratio: Profit after Tax  `4,25,000; Tax  `75,000; Interest on Long-term Funds  `1,25,000.

Answer:


Profit before Interest and Tax = Profit after Tax + Tax +Interest

Profit before Interest and Tax = 4,25,000 + 75,000 + 1,25,000

Profit before Interest and Tax = 6,25,000

Interest Coverage Ratio= Net Profit before Interest and Tax/Interest

Interest Coverage Ratio =6,25,000/1,25,000=5 times

Question 62;


From the following detail, calculate Interest Coverage ratio;

Net profit after Tax

`7,00,000

6% Debentures

`20,00,000

Tax Rate 30%

 

Answers;


Interest coverage ratio= net profit before interest and tax/ interest on long term debt

Interest coverage ratio =11,20,000/1,20,000

Interest coverage ratio =9.33

 

Working notes;

 

Wn-1

Net profit after tax=7,00,000

Tax rate 30%

Net profit after tax = 70%

Net profit before tax=7,00,000 × 100/70

Net profit before tax= 10,00,000

 

Wn-2

Interest on loan term borrowings=20,00,000×6/100=1,20,000

Net profit before Interest and tax= 10,00,000+1,20,000=11,20,000

 

Question 63;


From the following information, calculate Interest Coverage ratio;

Net profit after interest and  Tax `1,20,000;  Rate of Income tax;40%; 15%; Debentures `1,00,000;  12% Mortgage loan `1,00,000.

Answers;


Interest coverage ratio = net profit before interest and tax / interest on long term debt

Interest coverage ratio = 2,27,000/ 27,000

Interest coverage ratio = 8.41 times

 

Working notes;

 

Wn-1

Net profit after interest and tax 1,20,000

Rate of income tax 40%

Net profit before tax= 60%

Net profit before tax=1,20,000×100/60=2,00,000

 

Wn-2

Interest on long term borrowings= 27,000

Interest on debenture= 1,00,000 × 15 / 100= 15,000

Interest on 12% Mortgage loan= 1,00,000 ×12 / 100= 12,000

Net profit before interest and tax= 2,00,000+ 27,000 =2,27,000

 

Question 64:


From the following information, calculate Interest Coverage Ratio:

 

 `

10,000 Equity Shares of  `10 each

1,00,000

8% Preference Shares

70,000

10% Debentures

50,000

Long-term Loans from Bank

50,000

Interest on Long-term Loans from Bank 

5,000

Profit after Tax

75,000

Tax

9,000

Answer:


Interest on 10% debentures=50,000×10/1000=5,000

Profit before Interest and Tax = Profit after Tax + Tax + Interest on Debentures + Interest on Long-term Loans from Bank

Profit before Interest and Tax = 75,000 + 9,000 + 5,000 + 5,000

Profit before Interest and Tax = 94,000

Total Interest Amount = Interest on Debentures + Interest on Long-term loans from Bank

Total Interest Amount = 5,000 + 5,000

Total Interest Amount = 10,000

Interest Coverage Ratio = Net Profit before Interest and Tax/Interest

Interest Coverage Ratio = 94,000/10,000

Interest Coverage Ratio = 9.4 times

Question 65:


From the following details, calculate Inventory Turnover Ratio:

 

 `

Cost of Revenue from Operations (Cost of Goods Sold)

9,00,000

Inventory in the beginning of the year

2,50,000

Inventory at the close of the year

3,50,000


 Answer:


Inventory tunover ratio

= Cost of goods sold / Average Stock

Cost of Goods Sold

= 9,00,000

Average Stock

= Opening Stock + Closing Stock/2

=2,50,000+3,50,000/2

= 3,00,000

Inventory turnover ratio

=9,00,000/3,00,000

= 3 Times

 

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Ts Grewal Solution 2022-2023

Class 12 / Volume – 3

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