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12th | Accounting Ratios | Question No. 131 To 135 | Ts Grewal Solution 2022-2023

Question 131:


What will be the Operating Profit Ratio, if Operating Ratio is 82.59%?

Answer:


Operating Ratio = 82.59%

Operating Ratio + Operating Profit Ratio = 100%

Operating Profit Ratio = 100% − 82.59% = 17.41%

Question 132:


Calculate Operating Profit Ratio, in each of the following alternative cases:
Case 1:  Revenue from Operations (Net Sales) 
` 20,00,000; Operating Profit  ` 3,00,000.
Case 2:  Revenue from Operations (Net Sales) 
` 6,00,000; Operating Cost  ` 5,10,000.
Case 4:  Revenue from Operations (Net Sales) 
` 3,60,000; Gross Profit 20% on Sales; Operating Expenses  ` 18,000
Case 4: Revenue from Operations (Net Sales) 
` 4,50,000; Cost of Revenue from Operations  ` 3,60,000; Operating Expenses  ` 22,500.
Case 5: Cost of Goods Sold, i.e., Cost of Revenue from Operations 
` 4,00,000; Gross Profit 20% on Sales; Operating Expenses  ` 25,000.

Answer:


Case 1

Operating Ratio= Operating Cost/ Net Sales ×100

                        =3,00,000/20,00,000× 100=15%

Case II

Operating Profit = Net Sales- Operating Cost

                        =6,00,000-5,10,000

                        =90,000

Operating Ratio= Operating Cost/ Net Sales ×100

                        =90,000/6,00,000× 100=15%

 

Case III

Net Sales = 3,60,000

Gross Profit = 20% on Sales

Gross Profit =20/100×3,60,000=72,000

Operating Profit = Net Sales- Operating Cost

                        =72,000-18,000

                        =54,000

Operating Ratio= Operating Cost/ Net Sales ×100

                        =54,000/3,60,000× 100=15%

 

Case IV

Net Sales = 4,50,000

Operating Profit = Net Sales- Cost of goods sold-Operation expenses

                        =4,50,000-3,60,000-22,500

                        =67,500

Operating Ratio= Operating Cost/ Net Sales ×100

                        =67,500/4,50,000× 100=15%

 

Case V

Gross profit = 20% on sales

Let Sales =x

Gross profit=x×20/100=20x/100

Sales = Cost Goods Sold + Gross Profit

x=4,00000+20x/100

Or, 80x/100=4,00,000

Or, x=5,00,000

Sales = 5,00,000

Operating Cost = Cost of Goods Sold+ Operating Expenses 

                        =4,00,000+25,000=4,25,000

Operating Profit = Net Sales- Cost of goods sold-Operation expenses

                        =5,00,000-4,00,000-25,000

=75,000

Operating Profit Ratio = Operating Profit/ Net Sales×100

                                    =75,000×100/5,00,000=15%

Question 133:


Operating Profit Ratio of star Ltd. is 20%. State, giving reason, which of the following transactions will

(a)   Increase (b) Decrease, or (c) not alter the Operation Profit Ratio

(a)   Purchases of Stock-in-trade `1,00,000

(b)   Purchases Return `20,000

(c)   Revenue from operation on sale of Stock-in-trade `1,25,000.

(d)   Stock-in-trade Costing `25,000 withdrawn for personal use.

 Assuming that operating cost is variable, i.e., varies from operations.

Answers;


Transactions

Effect

Reason

(a)

No Change

Both purchases and closing inventory will increase and hence Cost of Revenue from Operations win remain unchanged.

 

(b)

No Change

Both purchases and closing inventory wiu decrease and hence Cost of Revenue from Operations will remain unchanged.

 

(c)

No Change

Revenue from Operations will increase but closing inventory will decrease by the same percentage (not by the same amount). Therefore, Cost of Revenue from Operations will increase by the same percentage as the Revenue from Operations increase.

 

(d)

No Change

Both purchases and dosing inventory will decrease and hence Cost of Revenue from Operations will remain unchanged.

 

Question 134:


Cash Sales  ` 2,20,000; Credit Sales  ` 3,00,000; Sales Return  ` 20,000; Gross Profit  ` 1,00,000; Operating Expenses  ` 25,000; Non-operating incomes  ` 30,000; Non-operating Expenses  ` 5,000. Calculate Net Profit Ratio.

Answer:


Net Sales= Cash Sales  + Credit Sales - Sales Return 

                        = 2,20,000+3,00,000-20,000

                        = 5,00,000

Net Profit = Gross Profit - Operating Expenses - Non-operating Expenses + Non-operating incomes 

                        = 1,00,000-25,000-5,000+30,000

                        = 1,00,000

Net Profit Ratio= Net profit ×100/Net Sales

                        = 1,00,000×100/5,00,000

                        = 20%

Question 135:


Revenue from Operations, i.e., Net Sales  ` 12,00,000; Net Profit ` 1,20,000. Calculate Net Profit Ration.

Answer:


Net Profit Ratio=Net Profit/Net Sales×100                            

=12,00,000/1,20,000×100

=10%

 

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