commercemine.com

12th | Accounting for Partnership Firm – Fundamental | Question No. 31 To 35 | Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

Question 31:

Amit and Bramit started business on 1st April, 2022 with capitals of  ` 15,00,000 and  ` 9,00,000 respectively. On 1st October, 2022, they decided that their capitals should be  ` 12,00,000 each. The necessary adjustments in capitals were made by introducing or withdrawing by cheque. Interest on capital is allowed @ 8% p.a. Compute interest on capital for the year ended 31st March, 2023.

Answer:

Calculation of Interest on Amit’s Capital

Date

Capital

×

Period

=

Product

April 01, 2022 to Sept. 30, 2022

15,00,000

×

6

=

90,00,000

Oct. 01, 2022 to March 31, 2023

12,00,000

×

6

=

72,00,000

Sum of Product

 

1,62,00,000

 

 

Interest on Capital = sum of product×Rate of drawing/100×1/ 12

Interest on Capital =1,62,00,000×8/100×1/12  =1,08,000

 

Calculation of Interest on Bramit’s Capital

Date

Capital

×

Period

=

Product

April 01, 2022 to Sept. 30, 2022

9,00,000

×

6

=

54,00,000

Oct. 01, 2022 to March 31, 2023

12,00,000

×

6

=

72,00,000

Sum of Product

 

1,26,00,000

 

 

Interest on Capital = sum of product×Rate of drawing/100×1/ 12

Interest on Capital =1,26,00,000×8/100×1/12  =84,000

 

Question 32:

Moli and Bholicontribute  ` 20,000 and  `  10,000 respectively towards capital. They decide to allow interest on capital @ 6% p.a. Their respective share of profits is 2 : 3 and the net profit for the year is  ` 1,500. Show distribution of profits:
(i) where there is no agreement except for interest on capitals; and
(ii) where there is an agreement that the interest on capital as a charge.

Answer:

Calculation of Interest on Capital

Interest on Moli's Capital= 20,000×6/100=1,200

Interest on Bholi's Capital=10,000×6/100=600

Total Amount of Interest on Capital=1,200+600=1,800

Case (a) 

Where there is no clean agreement except for interest on capitals

Profit for the year ended =  `  1,500

Total amount of interest =  `  1,800

Here, total amount of interest on capital is more than the profit available for distribution. Therefore, profit of ` 1,500 is distributed between Moli and Bholi in the ratio of their interest on capital.

Particulars

Moli

:

Bholi

Interest on Capital

1,200

:

600

or, Ratio of interest on Capital

2

:

1

Moli will get Interest on Capital=1,500×2/3=1,000

Bholi will get Interest on Capital=1,500×1/3=500

Case (b)

In case, there is a clear agreement that the interest on capital will be allowed even if the firm has incurred loss, then the whole amount of interest on capital is to be allowed to the partners.

Interest on Moli's Capital=20,000×6/100=1,200

Interest on Bholi's Capital=10,000×6/100=600

Total Amount of Interest on Capital =(1,200+600)=1,800

Total Profit of the firm =  `  1,500

Therefore, loss to the firm amounts to  `300. This loss is to be shared by Moli and Bholi in their profit sharing ratio that is 2 : 3. 

Loss to Moli=300×2/5= 120

Loss to Bholi=300×3/5=180

 

Question 33:

Shiv, Mohan and Gopal are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1 respectively. Shiv is entitled to a commission of 10% on the net profit. Net profit for the year is  ` 1,10,000.
Determine the amount of commission payable to Shiv.

Answer:

Net Profit before charging commission = ` 1,10,000

Commission to Shiv = 10% of on Net Profit before charging such commission    

Partner' s Commission =(Netprofit×rate of commission)/100

Shiv ' s Commission =(1,10,000×10)/100=11,000

 

Question 34:

Abha, Bobbyand Vineet are partners sharing profits and losses equally. As per Partnership Deed, Vineet is entitled to a commission of 10% on the net profit after charging such commission. The net profit before charging commission is `2,20,000.
Determine the amount of commission payable to Vineet.

Answer:

Net Profit before charging Commission = ` 2,20,000

Commission to Vineet = 10% of on Net Profit after charging such commission

Partner' s Commission =(Net profit×Rate of commission)/(100+Rate of commission)

Vineet's Commission=(2,20,000×10)/(100+10)=20,000

 

Question 35:

A, B, C, and D are partners in a firm sharing profits as 4 : 3 : 2 : 1 respectively. It earned a profit of `1,80,000 for the year ended 31st March, 2023. As per the Partnership Deed, they are to charge a commission @ 20% of the profit after charging such commission which they will share as 2 : 3 : 2 : 3. You are required to show appropriation of profits among the partners.

Answer:

Profit and Loss Appropriation Account

for the year ended March 31, 2023

Dr.

Cr.

Particulars

`

Particulars

`

Partners’ Commission:

 

Profit and Loss A/c

(Net Profit)

1,80,000

A’s Capital A/c

6,000

 

 

 

B’s Capital A/c

9,000

 

 

 

C’s Capital A/c

6,000

 

 

 

D’s Capital A/c

9,000

30,000

 

 

Profit transferred to:                     

 

 

 

A’s Capital A/c

60,000

 

 

 

B’s Capital A/c

45,000

 

 

 

C’s Capital A/c

30,000

 

 

 

D’s Capital A/c

15,000

1,50,000

 

 

 

1,80,000

 

1,80,000

 

 

 

 

Working Notes:

WN 1Calculation of Partners’ Commission

Partners’ Commission = 20% on Net Profit after charging such commission

Partners' Commission = (Net profit×Rate of commission)/(100+Rate of commission)

Partners' Commission = (1,80,000×20)/(100+20)=30,000

This commission is to be shared by the partners in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 2 : 3

A' s Commission =(30,000×2)/10=6,000

B' s Commission =(30,000×3)/10=9,000

C' s Commission =(30,000×2)/10=6,000

D's Commission =(30,000×3)/10=9,000

 

 

WN 2Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner

Profit available for Distribution = 1,80,000` 30,000 = ` 1,50,000

Profit sharing ratio = 4 : 3 : 2 : 1

 

A' s Profit share=(1,50,000×4)/10=60,000

B' s Profit share=(1,50,000×3)/10=45,000

C' s Profit share=(1,50,000×2)/10=30,000

D's Profit share=(1,50,000×1)/10=15,000

 

 

Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

Click below for more Questions

Class 12 / Volume – I

Chapter 1 – Accounting For Partnership Firms Fundamentals

 

Question No. 1 To 5
Question No. 6 To 10
Question No. 11 To 15
Question No. 16 To 20
Question No. 21 To 25
Question No. 26 To 30
Question No. 31 To 35
Question No. 36 To 40
Question No. 41 To 45
Question No. 46 To 50
Question No. 51 To 55

Question No. 56 To 60

Question No. 61 To 65
Question No. 66 To 70
Question No. 71 To 75

Question No. 76 To 80
Question No. 81 To 85
Question No. 86 To 90

Question No. 91 To 95