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11th | Bank Reconciliation Statement | Question No. 16 To 20 | Ts Grewal Solution 2022-2023

Question 16:


On 1st January, 2022, Naresh had an overdraft of  `40,000 as shown by his Cash Book in the bank column. Cheques amounting to `10,000 had been deposited by him but were not collected by the bank by 1st January, 2022. He issued cheques of `7,000 which were not presented to the bank for payment up to that day. There was also a debit in his Pass Book of `600 for interest and `500 for bank charges.
Prepare a Bank Reconciliation Statement.

Answer:


Bank Reconciliation Statement

as on January 01,2022

Particulars

Plus Items

(`)

Minus Items

(`)

Overdraft  as per the Cash Book

 

40,000

Cheques deposited but not Cleared

 

10,000

Cheques Issued but not presented for payment

7,000

 

Bank Charged Interest

 

600

Bank Charges

 

500

Overdraft  as per the Pass Book

 44,100

 

 

51,100

51,100

 

 

 

Question 17:


Tiwari & Sons find that the bank balance shown by their Cash Book on 31st March, 2022 is `40,500 (credit) but the Pass Book shows a difference due to the following reasons:
(i) A cheque for `5,000 drawn in favour of Manohar has not yet been presented for payment.
(ii) A post-dated cheque for `900 has been debited in the bank column of the Cash Book but it could not have been presented in any case.
(iii) Cheques totalling `10,200 deposited with the bank have not yet been collected and a cheque for `4,000 has been dishonored.
(iv) A bill for `10,000 was retired by the Bank under a rebate of `150 but the full amount of the bill was credited in the bank column of the Cash Book.
Prepare Bank Reconciliation Statement and find out the balance as per Pass Book.

Answer:


Bank Reconciliation Statement

as on March 31, 2022

S. No.

Particulars

Plus Items

(`)

Minus Items

(`)

 

Overdraft as per the Cash Book

 

40,500

(i)

Cheque issued but not presented for payment

5,000

 

(ii)

Post-dated Cheque entered in the Cash Book but not deposited in the bank

 

900

(iii)

Cheques deposited into bank but not collected

 

10,200

 

Cheque dishonoured

 

4,000

(iv)

Rebate on retiring of bill not entered in the Cash Book

 150

 

 

Overdraft as per the Pass Book

50,450

 

 

 

55,600

55,600

 

 

 

 

Question 18:


On 31st March, 2022, Cash Book of a merchant showed bank overdraft of `1,72,985. On comparing the Cash Book with Bank Statement, following discrepancies were noted:
(i) Cheques issued for `60,000 were not presented in the bank till 7th April, 2022.
(ii) Cheques amounting to `75,000 were deposited in the bank but were not collected.
(iii) A Cheque of `15,000 received from Mahesh Chand and deposited in the bank was dishonoured but the non-payment advice was not received from the bank till 1st April, 2022.
(iv) `1,50,000 being the proceeds of a bill receivable collected appeared in the Pass Book but not in the Cash Book.
(v) Bank charges `1,500 and interest on overdraft `8,500 appeared in the Pass Book but not in the Cash Book.
(vi) Overdraft balance as per Cash Book of `500 on 28th February, 2022 was wrongly carried forward as debit balance. The error was noted at the time of preparing the Bank Reconciliation Statement as on 31st March, 2022.
Prepare Bank Reconciliation Statement.

Answer:


Bank Reconciliation Statement

as on March 31, 2022

S. No

Particulars

Plus Items

(`)

Minus Items

(`)

 

Overdraft  as per the Cash Book

 

1,72,985

(i)

Cheques issued but not presented for payment

60,000

 

(ii)

Cheques deposited but not collected

 

75,000

(iii)

Cheque deposited but dishonoured

 

15,000

(iv)

Bill sent for collection honoured but not entered in the Cash Book

1,50,000

 

(v)a

Bank Charges

 

1,500

(v)b

Bank Interest on overdraft

 

8,500

(vi)

Overdraft balance wrongly taken as debit balance (Note)

 

1,000

 

Overdraft as per the Pass Book

63,985

 

 

 

2,73,985

2,73,985

 

 

 

 

Note: Overdraft balance has credit balance but taken as debit balance, so to correct the error credit cash book by double amount.
Therefore, 1,000 should be shown in the minus side. 

Question 19:


Prepare Bank Reconciliation Statement from the following:
On 31st March, 2022, a merchant's Cash Book showed a credit bank balance of `10,500 but due to the following reasons the Pass Book showed a difference:
(i) A cheque of `540 issued to Mohan has not been presented for payment.
(ii) A post-dated cheque for `100 has been debited in the bank column of the Cash Book but under no circumstances was it possible to present it.
(iii) Four cheque of `1,200 sent to the bank have not been collected so far. A cheque of `400 deposited in the bank has been dishonoured.
(iv) As per instructions, the bank paid `50 as Fire Insurance premium but the entry has not been made in the Cash Book.
(v) There was a debit in the Pass Book of `15 in respect of bank charges and a credit of `25 for interest on Current Account but no record exists in the Cash Book.
(vi) Cheque of `5,000 dated 15th April, 2022 issued to M & Co. was dishonored being post dated. It was also not recorded in the books of account yet.

Answer:


Bank Reconciliation Statement

as on March 31,2022

S. No.

Particulars

Plus Items

(`)

Minus Items

(`)

 

Credit bank balance  as per the Cash Book

 

10,500

(i)

Cheque issued but not presented for payment

540

 

(ii)

Post-dated Cheque entered in the Cash Book but not deposited in the Bank

 

100

(iii)

Cheque deposited but not cleared

 

1,200

 

Cheque dishonoured

 

400

(iv)

Insurance premium paid by bank was not entered in the Cash Book

 

50

(v)

Bank Charges

 

15

 

Bank allowed Interest

25

 

 

Overdraft as per the Pass Book

11,700

 

 

 

12,265

12,265

 

 

 

 

 

Note: Cheque dated 15th April, 2022 issued to M & Co. dishonoured will have no impact as this statement is as on 31st March 2022.

 

Question 20:


Overdraft balance shown by the bank column in the Cash Book of Vivek is ` 45,000.

Prepare Bank Reconciliation Statement as on 31st December, 2017:

(i) A Bill Receivable for ` 5,000 previously discounted with the bank had been dishonoured and debited in the Pass Book.

(ii) Interest on investment collected by the bank and credited in the Pass Book ` 1,500.

(iii) Cheques deposited into bank but not yet collected ` 7,500.

(iv) Interest charged by the bank on overdraft balance ` 1,850.

(v) Cheques issued but not yet presented for payment ` 11,350.

(vi) Received a payment directly from a customer into bank account ` 12,500.

(vii) Cheques recorded in the Cash Book but not sent to the bank for collection was ` 17,500.

(viii) Bank charges debited as per Pass Book `500. (Delhi)

Answer:


Bank Reconciliation Statement

as on March 31, 2017

S. No.

Particulars

Amount

detail

Amount

(`)

Credit balance as par cash book (Overdraft)

 

45,000

(i)

A Bill Receivable previously discounted with the bank had been dishonoured and debited in the Pass Book.

5,000

 

(iii)

Cheques deposited into bank but not yet collected.

7,500

 

(iv)

Interest charged by the bank on overdraft balance.

1,850

 

(vii)

Cheques recorded in the Cash Book but not sent to the bank for collection.

17,500

 

(viii)

Bank charges debited as per Pass Book.

500

32,350

 

 

 

77,350

(ii)

Interest on investment collected by the bank and credited in the Pass Book.

1500

 

(v)

Cheques issued but not yet presented for payment.

11,350

 

(vi)

Received a payment directly from a customer into bank account.

 

12,500

25,350

 

Debit balance as par pass book (Overdraft)

 

52,000

 

 

 

 

 

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