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12th | Goodwill: Nature and Valuation | Question No. 36 and 37 | Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

Question 36:


A business has earned average profit of  ` 8,00,000 during the last few years and the normal rate of return in similar business is 10%. Find value of goodwill by:
(i) Capitalisation of Super Profit Method; and
(ii) Super Profit Method if the goodwill is valued at 3 years' purchase of super profit.
 Assets of the business were ` 80,00,000 and its external liabilities  ` 14,40,000.

Answer:


Capital Employed=Total Assets - External Liabilities

                             = `(80,00,000-14,40,000)= `65,60,000

Normal Profits=Capital Employed × Normal Rate of Return/100

                          = `65,60,000×10/100= `6,56,000

Average Profits= `8,00,000

Super Profits=Average Profits - Normal Profits

                     = `(8,00,000 - 6,56,000)= `1,44,000

 

(i)As per Capitalisation of Super Profit method,Goodwill=Super Profit×100Normal Rate of Return

                                                                                           = `1,44,000×100/10= `14,40,000 (ii)As per Super Profit method,Goodwill=Super Profit × No. of years of purchase

                                                                = `(1,44,000×3)= `4,32,000

Question 37:


From the following information, calculate value of goodwill of the firm:
(i) At three years' purchase of Average Profit.
(ii) At three years' purchase of Super Profit.
(iii) On the basis of Capitalisation of Super Profit.
(iv) On the basis of Capitalisation of Average profit.
Information:
(a) Average Capital Employed is  ` 6,00,000.
(b) Net Profit/(Loss) of the firm for the last three years ended are:
31st March, 2023 −  ` 2,00,000, 31st March, 2022 −  ` 1,80,000, and 31st March, 2021 −  ` 1,60,000.
(c) Normal Rate of Return in similar business is 10%.
(d) Remuneration of  ` 1,00,000 to partners is to be taken as charge against profit.
(e) Assets of the firm (excluding goodwill, fictitious assets and non-trade investments) is  ` 7,00,000 whereas Partners' Capital is  ` 6,00,000 and Outside Liabilities  ` 1,00,000.

Answer:


(i) Goodwill

=Average Profit×No. of years' purchase              

=80,000×3= ` 2,40,000

(ii) Goodwill

=Super Profit×No. of years' purchase              

=20,000×3= ` 60,000

(iii) Goodwill

=Super Profit×100÷Normal Rate of Return              

=20,000×100/10= ` 2,00,000

(iv) Goodwill

=Capitalised Value-Net Assets               

=8,00,000-6,00,000= ` 2,00,000

 

Working Notes:

WN1: Calculation of Average and Super Profits
Average Profit=Total Profits of past years given/No. of Years

=2,00,000+1,80,000+1,60,000/3                        

= ` 1,80,000

 

Average Profit (Adjusted) =  ` 1,80,000 - 1,00,000 (Remuneration to partners)                                          

=  ` 80,000

Normal Profit=Capital Employed×Normal Rate of Return/100                       

=6,00,000×10/100= ` 60,000

 

Super Profit=Average Profit (Adjusted)-Normal Profit                    

=80,000-60,000= ` 20,000

WN2: Calculation of Capital Employed

Capital Employed=Total Assets-Outside Liabilities                              

=7,00,000-1,00,000

= ` 6,00,000

Ts Grewal Solution 2023-2024

Click below for more Questions

Class 12 / Volume – I

Chapter 2 – Nature And Valuation of Goodwill

 

Question No. 1 To 5
Question No. 6 To 10
Question No. 11 To 15
Question No. 16 To 20
Question No. 21 To 25
Question No. 26 To 30
Question No. 31 To 35
Question No. 36 and 37