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12th | Accounting For Partnership Firms Fundamentals | Question No.  46 To 50 | Solution 2022-2023

Double Entry Book Keeping Ts Grewal Vol. 1 2019 Solutions for Class 12 Commerce ACCOUNTANCY Chapter 2 - Accounting For Partnership Firms Fundamentals

Question 46:


A and B are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 1. On 1st April, 2021, their capitals were: A  ` 50,000 and B  ` 30,000. During the year ended 31st March, 2022 they earned a net profit of  ` 50,000. The terms of partnership are:
(a) Interest on capital is to allowed @ 6% p.a.
(b) A will get a commission @ 2% on turnover.
(c) B will get a salary of
 ` 500 per month.
(d) B will get commission of 5% on profits after deduction of all expenses including such commission.
Partners' drawings for the year were: A
 ` 8,000 and B  ` 6,000. Turnover for the year was  ` 3,00,000.
After considering the above facts, you are required to prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account and Partners' Capital Accounts.

Answer:


Profit and Loss Appropriation Account

for the year ended 31st March, 2022

Dr.

 

 

Cr.

Particulars

 ( `)

Particulars

 ( `)

Interest on  Capital:

 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit)

50,000

A’s Capital A/c

3,000

 

 

 

B’s Capital A/c

1,800

4,800

 

 

B’s Salary (500 × 12)

6,000

 

 

Partner’s  Commission                     

 

 

 

A’s Capital A/c

6,000

 

 

 

B’s Capital A/c

1,581

7,581

 

 

Profit transferred to:

 

 

 

A’s Capital A/c

23,714

 

 

 

B’s Capital A/c

7,905

31,619

 

 

 

50,000

 

50,000

 

 

 

 

 

Partners’ Capital Accounts

Dr.

 

 

 

 

Cr.

Particulars

A
(
`)

B
(
`)

Particulars

A
(
`)

B
(
`)

Drawings A/c          

8,000

6,000

Balance b/d

50,000

30,000

 

 

 

Interest on Capital A/c

3,000

1,800

 

 

 

Commission A/c

6,000

1,581

 

 

 

Salary A/c

 

6,000

Balance c/d

74,714

41,286

P/L Appropriation A/c   

23,714

7,905

 

82,714

47,286

 

82,714

47,286

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working Notes:

WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital

Interest on A’s capital=50,000×6/100=3000

Interest on B’s capital=30,000×6/100=1,800

WN 2 Calculation of Commission to Partners

A’s commission = 2% on turnover

=3,00,000×2/100=6,000

Commission to B = 5% on Profits after all Expense including such Commission

Profits after all expense = 50,000 -` 4,800 -` 6,000 -` 6,000 = ` 33,200

B’s commission= Profit after all expenses×Rate of commission/100+Rate

33.200×5/105=1,581 (approx.)

WN 3 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner

Profit available for Distribution = 50,000 -` 4,800- ` 6,000 -`7,581 = ` 31,619

Profit sharing ratio = 3 : 1

A’s profit share= 31,619×3/4=23,716

B’s profit share= 31,619×1/4=7,905

 

Question 47:


A, B and C were partners in a firm having capitals of  ` 50,000 ;  ` 50,000 and  ` 1,00,000 respectively. Their Current Account balances were A:  ` 10,000; B:  ` 5,000 and C:  ` 2,000 (Dr.). According to the Partnership Deed the partners were entitled to an interest on Capital @ 10% p.a. C being the working partner was also entitled to a salary of  ` 12,000 p.a. The profits were to be  divided as:
(a) The first
 ` 20,000 in proportion to their capitals.
(b) Next
 ` 30,000 in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2.
(c) Remaining profits to be shared equally.
The firm earned net profit of
 ` 1,72,000 before charging any of the above items.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account and pass necessary Journal entry for the appropriation of profits.

Answer:


Profit and Loss Appropriation Account

 

Dr.

 

 

Cr.

 

Particulars

 ( `)

Particulars

 ( `)

 

Interest on  Capital:

 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit)

1,72,000

 

A’s Current A/c

5,000

 

 

 

 

B’s Current A/c

5,000

 

 

 

 

C’s Current A/c

10,000

20,000

 

 

 

Salary to C

 

12,000

 

 

 

Profit transferred to:                    

 

 

 

 

A’s Current A/c

50,000

 

 

 

 

B’s Current A/c

44,000

 

 

 

 

C’s Current A/c

46,000

1,40,000

 

 

 

 

1,72,000

 

1,72,000

 

 

 

 

 

 


Journal Entries

Date

Particulars

 

L.F.

Debit

 ( `)

Credit

 ( `)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest on Capital A/c

Dr.

 

20,000

 

 

  To A’s Current A/c

 

 

 

5,000

 

  To B’s Current A/c

 

 

 

5,000

 

  To C’s Current A/c

 

 

 

10,000

 

(Interest on partners’ capital allowed to partners)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salary A/c

Dr.

 

12,000

 

 

  To C’s Current A/c

 

 

 

12,000

 

(Salary allowed to C)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Profit and Loss Appropriation A/c

Dr.

 

1,40,000

 

 

  To A’s Current A/c

 

 

 

50,000

 

  To B’s Current A/c

 

 

 

44,000

 

  To C’s Current A/c

 

 

 

46,000

 

(Profit available for distribution transferred to partners’ current accounts)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working Notes:

WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital

Interest on A’s capital=50,000×10/100=5,000

Interest on B’s capital=50,000×10/100=5,000

Interest on C’s capital=1,00,000×10/100=10,000

 

WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner

Profits available for Distribution = 1,72,000 -` 20,000- ` 12,000 = ` 1,40,000

1. Distribution of first ` 20,000 in the Capital Ratio i.e. 1:1:2

A’s profit share=20,000×1/4=5,000

B’s profit share=20,000×1/4=5,000

C’s profit share=20,000×2/4=10,000

2. Distribution of Next ` 30,000 in the ratio of 5:3:2

A’s profit share=30,000×5/10=15,000

B’s profit share=30,000×3/10=9,000

C’s profit share=30,000×2/10=6,000

3. Remaining Profit available for distribution = ` 1,40,000 -` 20,000 -` 30,000 = ` 90,000

This profit of ` 90,000 is to be shared equally by the partners.

Profir Share of  A,B,C each =90,000 ×1/3=30,000

Therefore,

Total Profit Share of A = 5,000 + 15,000 + 30,000 = ` 50,000

Total Profit Share of B = 5,000 + 9,000 + 30,000 = ` 44,000

Total Profit Share of C = 10,000 + 6,000 + 30,000 = ` 46,000

 

Question 48:


Amit, Binita and Charu are three partners. On 1st April, 2021, their Capitals stood as: Amit  ` 1,00,000, Binita  ` 2,00,000 and Charu  ` 3,00,000. It was decided that:
(a) they would receive interest on Capital @ 5% p.a.,
(b) Amit would get a salary of
 ` 10,000 per month,
(c) Binita would receive commission @ 5% of net profit after deduction of commission, and
(d) 10% of the net profit would be transferred to the General Reserve.
Before the above items were taken into account, the profit for the year ended 31st March, 2022 was
 ` 5,00,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account and the Capital Accounts of the partners.

Answer:


Profit and Loss Appropriation Account

for the year ended March 31, 2022

Dr.

 

 

Cr.

Particulars

 ( `)

Particulars

 ( `)

Interest on Capital:

 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit)    

5,00,000

Amit’s Capital A/c

5,000

 

 

 

Binita’s Capital A/c

10,000

 

 

 

Charu’s Capital A/c

15,000

30,000

 

 

Salary to Amit

(10,000 × 12)       

1,20,000

 

 

Commission to Binita

23,810

 

 

General Reserve

50,000

 

 

Profit transferred to:

 

 

 

Amit’s Capital A/c

92,063

 

 

 

Binita’s Capital A/c

92,063

 

 

 

Charu’s Capital A/c

92,064

2,76,190

 

 

 

33,360

 

33,360

 

 

 

 

 

Partners’ Capital Accounts

Dr.

Cr.

Particulars

Amit

Binita

Charu

Particulars

Amit

Binita

Charu

 

 

           

 

Balance b/d

1,00,000

2,00,000

3,00,000

 

 

 

 

Interest on Capital A/c

5,000

10,000

15,000

 

 

 

 

Salary A/c

1,20,000

 

 

 

 

Commission

23,810

Balance c/d

3,17,063

3,25,873

4,07,064

P/L Appropriation A/c

92,063

92,063

92,064

 

3,17,063

3,25,873

4,07,064

 

3,17,063

3,25,873

4,07,064

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working Notes:

WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital

Interest on Amit=1,00,000×5÷100=5,000

Interest on Binita=2,00,000×5÷100=10,000

Interest on Charu=3,00,000×5÷100=15,000

 

WN 2 Calculation of Commission to Binita

Commission to Binita = 5% on Net Profits after Commission
Commission to Binita=Net Profit ×Rate100+Rate=5,00,000×5÷105=
` 23,810

 

WN 3 Calculation of Amount to be transferred to General Reserve

Amount for General Reserve = 10% of Profit

=5,00,000×10÷100=` 50,000

WN 4 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner

Profit available for Distribution = 5,00,000 - 30,000 - 1,20,000 - 23,810 - 50,000

= ` 2,76,190
Profit share of Amit, Binita and Charu each = 2,76,190×1÷ 3= 
` 92,063

 

Question 49: Yadu, Vidu and Radhu were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4:3:3. Their fixed capitals


1st April, 2018 were ` 9,00,000, `5,00,000 and ` 4,00,000 respectively. On 1st November, 2018, Yadu gave a loan of `80,000 to the firm, as per the partnership agreement.

(i) The partners were entitled to an interest on capital @ 6% p.a.

(ii)Interest on partners' drawings was to be charged@ 8% p.a.

The firm earned profit of `2,53,000 (after interest on Yadu's Loan) during the year 2018-19. Partners

drawings for the year amounted to:

Yadu- `80,000, Vidu- `70,000 and Radhu- `50,000.

Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ending 31st March, 2019.

 

Answer:


 

Profit and Loss Appropriation Account

Dr.

 

 

 

Cr.

Particulars

`

Particulars

`

Interest on Capital:

 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit)

2,53,000

Yadu’s Capital A/c

Vidu’s Capital A/c

54,000

30,000

 

Interest on Capital:

 

Radhu’s Capital A/c

24,000

1,08,000

Yadu’s Capital A/c

Vidu’s Capital A/c

3.200

2,800

 

 

 

 

Radhu’s Capital A/c

2,000

8,000 

Profit transferred to:

 

 

 

 

Yadu’s Capital A/c

Vidu’s Capital A/c

61,200

45,900

 

 

Radhu’s Capital A/c

48,900

1,53,000

 

 

2,61,000

2,61,000

 

 

 

Working notes:

WN1 Calculation of Interest on Capital

Yadu =9,00,000×6/100=54,000

Vidu=5,00,000×6/100=30,000

Radhu =4,00,000×6/100=24,000

 

WN2 Calculation of Interest on Drawings

Yadu =80,000×8/100×6/12=3,200

Vidu=70,000×8/100×6/12=2,800

Radhu =50,000×8/100×6/12=2,000

 

WN3 Distribution of profit (4:3:3)

Yadu =1,53,000×4/10=61,200

Vidu =1,53,000×3/10=45,900

Radhu =1,53,000×3/10=45,900

 

Question 50:


Sajal and Kajal are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 1. On 1st April, 2021 their Capitals were: Sajal ` 50,000 and Kajal ` 40,000.
Prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account and the Partners' Capital Accounts at the end of the year after considering the following items:
(a) Interest on Capital is to be allowed @ 5% p.a.
(b) Interest on the loan advanced by Kajal for the whole year, the amount of loan being
 ` 30,000.
(c) Interest on partners' drawings @ 6% p.a. Drawings: Sajal
 ` 10,000 and Kajal  ` 8,000.
(d) 10% of the divisible profit is to be transferred to Reserve.
Net profit for the year ended 31st March, 2022 is
 ` 68,460.
Note: Net profit means net profit after debit of interest on loan by the partner.

Answer:


Profit and Loss Account
for the year ended 31st March, 2022

Dr.

 

 

Cr.

Particulars

 ( `)

Particulars

 ( `)

Interest on Kajal’s loan@ 6% p.a.

1,800

Profit                                 

70,260

Profit transferred to P/L Appropriation A/c

68,460

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

70,260

 

70,260

 

 

 

 

 

Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
for the year ended 31st  March,  2022

Dr.

 

 

Cr.

Particulars

 ( `)

Particulars

 ( `)

Interest on Capital A/c:

 

Profit and Loss A/c

68,460

Sajal’s Capital A/c

2,500

 

 

 

Kajal’s Capital A/c

2,000

4,500

Interest on Drawings A/c:      

 

 

 

Sajal’s Capital A/c

300

 

Reserve

6,450

Kajal’s Capital A/c

240

540

Profit transferred to:

 

 

 

Sajal’s Capital A/c

  38,700

 

 

 

Kajal’s Capital A/c

19,350

58,050

 

 

 

69,000

 

69,000

 

 

 

 

 

Partners’ Capital Accounts

Dr.

Cr.

Particulars

Sajal
(
`)

Kajal
(
`)

Particulars

Sajal
(
`)

Kajal
(
`)

Drawings A/c

10,000

8,000

Balance b/d

50,000

40,000

Interest on Drawings A/c

300

240

Interest on Capital A/c

2,500

2,000

 

 

 

P&L Appropriation A/c

38,700

19,350

Balance c/d

80,900

53,110

 

 

 

 

91,200

61,350

 

91,200

61,350

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working Notes:

WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital

Interest on Sajal’s capital=50,000×5/100=2,500

Interest on Kajal’s capital=20,000×5/100=2,000

 

WN 2 Calculation of Interest on Drawings

Interest on Sajal’s Drawing=10,000×6/100×6/12=300

Interest on Kajal’s Drawing=8,000×6/100×6/12=240

 

WN 3 Calculation of Amount to be transferred to Reserve

Amount for Reserve = 10% of Divisible Profit

Divisible Profit = Profit + Interest on Drawings - ` Interest on Capital

= 68,460 + 540 - 4,500 = ` 64,500

Amount of reserve =64,500×10/100=6,450

 

WN 4 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner

Profit available for Distribution = 68,460 + 540 – (` 4,500+ ` 6,450) = ` 58,050

Profit sharing ratio = 2 : 1

Sajal’s profit share = 58,050×2/3=38700

kajal’s profit share = 58,050×1/3=19350

 

Ts Grewal Solution 2022-2023

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Class 12 / Volume – I

Chapter 1 – Accounting For Partnership Firms Fundamentals

 

Question No. 1 To 5
Question No. 5 To 10
Question No. 11 To 15
Question No. 16 To 20
Question No. 21 To 25
Question No. 26 To 30
Question No. 31 To 35
Question No. 36 To 40
Question No. 41 To 45
Question No. 46 To 50
Question No. 51 To 55

Question No. 56 To 60

Question No. 61 To 65
Question No. 66 To 70
Question No. 71 To 75

Question No. 76 To 80
Question No. 81 To 85
Question No. 86 To 88

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